Stone is a natural element that we can observe from birth, both indoors and outdoors. Throughout history, man has been aware that it is a unique, limited and valuable asset, provided by nature. That is why its use must be responsible. When we decide to build or use stone in our homes, both on the outside and inside, we do so knowing that we are dealing with stone. We do it knowing that it is a durable and resistant material, being an investment for the rest of our life.
In nature we can find a great and wide variety of stone types. Each one of them is different, as they come from different regions and parts of the world.
“No stone is the same, each one of them has unique conditions and characteristics”.
It is a versatile element, which can be used in the construction of houses: walls, façades, pavements, sculptures, decorative elements. It is also present as a decorative element: fountains, gardens, cemeteries, or even in kitchen utensils such as plates, glasses. Its high resistance and longevity allows it to be reused. Proper care allows it to be preserved intact.
In contrast to other building materials such as metal or plastic, its production requires little energy and therefore generates less greenhouse gases, as well as no environmentally polluting waste.
TYPES OF NATURAL STONE FOR EXTERIOR OR INTERIOR USE
“Stone is a good that nature gives us and which we must use responsibly”.
- Sintered: Composed of minerals from granite, glass, silica and natural oxides, it is extremely resistant and perfect for interiors, exteriors, facades, etc. Marble: Very resistant to humidity, it requires polishing and care from time to time. It is extremely resistant and is perfect for interiors, exteriors, façades, etc.
- Marble: Very resistant to humidity, it requires polishing and care from time to time.
- Slate: Hard and compact, resistant, waterproof and long-lasting.
We all know that natural stone quarries last for a long time. That is why new materials have been developed, such as synthetic stone, formed from the rest of quartz and marble, such as quartz agglomerate. As are known brands such as Silestone ® or Compac ®.
Some types of stone:
- Granite: It is the hardest and most resistant to erosion. It has hardly any pores.
- Quartzite: Smooth or rough, with beautiful veins and colours, it is perfect for exteriors.
- Limestone: It is hard and non-porous. It presents light veins in natural tones.
- Sandstone: Sedimentary rock of variable colour, resistant to wear, erosion and corrosion. It can be cut and polished to create ornamental pieces.
We share with you a video that explains perfectly in a few seconds and with images, how stone is a natural element that both in its original habitat and after it has been laid, can suffer damage. It is therefore essential to protect it with the correct treatment.
Problems encountered with exterior stone and how to solve them
The main problem that arises when having stone in your home is its modification. Especially when it comes to stone on the outside of the property. This is due to stains, which can be caused by humidity, the weather or our own fault. Such as staining with oil, grease or other products.
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Moisture in the stone
Origin Rust: This can be an irreversible problem, but before the installation of the stone it can be prevented with non-acidic products, for stones such as limestone or marble.
When rust appears, removing it can be a complicated job. Acid detergents can be used if the stone is resistant to rust. This will also prevent the reappearance of rust as these products cover the pores of the stone. A perfect example of a detergent is BERT 27.
Calcareous origin (salt): When humidity is combined with the appearance of minerals or saltpetre, dark coloured spots appear on the surface of the stone, causing the stone to flake off and be destroyed. To avoid this, a protective coating should be applied before installation.
Fungus: Once the stone has been installed in the chosen exterior areas. The accumulation of humidity can generate the appearance of algae or moss. Easy to remove with chlorine cleaners, such as BelCare Professional Anti-Algae.
Stone and meteorology
The passage of time and weather conditions are inevitable. And these affect the appearance and image of the stone, removing its natural shine. That is why if we want to protect the stone outdoors, we must use protectors.
Stone protectors penetrate to the inner layers, allowing it to breathe and absorb water, as well as protecting it. At MASER we have a wide range of this type of product, an example is IDEA GOLD: Hydro-oil repellent, formulated to prevent the penetration of residues in the pores, as well as to give it shine.
Ice is another agent that can damage our stones, especially outdoor stones. To prevent the stone from suffering and flaking, we must waterproof it. By closing the pores of the surface, we will prevent ice and thawing from remaining inside the stone. An example is BelCare’s HIDROTOP and TOP SEAL protectors, which do not alter the colour of the stone and its breathability.
Stains on the stone
Spaces with a lot of traffic and work are inevitably affected by stains, which cause deterioration and loss of the original appearance of the stone. These stains occur both indoors and with exterior stone. In order that they do not penetrate deeply, they must be removed quickly. For this purpose, it is advisable to use special detergents and products for each stain or mark.
Adequate pre-protection also prevents the penetration of organic elements that can cause problems, such as discolouration caused by leaves, coffee, footprints, spices and tannins of vegetable origin.
If this protection has not been carried out, and we find that a common cleaner cannot remove the marks, we will have to apply some professional solutions such as these:
- Grease or oil stains, BelCare Professional OIL STAIN REMOVER penetrates deeply and removes residues.
- Wine, coffee and rust stains, Bellinzoni SPOT REMOVER paste will penetrate the surface and completely remove any residue.
- High traffic and slippery surfaces. For these cases, BelCare Professional’s wide range of solvent or water-based ANTI-SLIPPERS will prevent slips and stains, preserving the stone.
Solutions to avoid these problems
How to protect stone in exteriors and interiors
There are specific products for stone, which help us to care for and maintain our surfaces. Here is a list for the best protection and prevention of possible changes in your outdoor stone. These are some of them with their purposes and benefits:
- IDEA HP and IDEA XC:Protects against the penetration of water, oil, edible fats and moisture to prevent future staining.
- IDEA RAPID COLOR: Revives, ages and protects highly absorbent materials. The perfect protection against stains caused by oil, grease, moisture and prevents the formation of mould.
- AQ PROOF V: It is a water-based protector, which acts against stains. It has a natural effect and is perfect for use on marble, granite and limestone. Very effective against the penetration of water, oil, grease and moisture.
- IDEA STONAGER:It revives, ages, waterproofs and protects against oil, grease and damp stains, as well as preventing the formation of mould and mildew.
- ULTIMATE STRIPPER: Provides general cleaning and effective removal of waxes, silicones and acrylics.
- CONSOLIDANT LIMESEALER: To consolidate friable, crumbling stone. Recommended for very porous stones that do not allow the expulsion of moisture salts and unsightly efflorescence. It also serves as protection against humidity.
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